Top 6 Things to Know About Reading

December 26, 2017 Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ Library User Group,Sarah Denson

Listed below are 6 things you should know about reading–what it requires to learn how to read as well as how to help struggling readers.

  1. An achievement gap exists.

Many kids get into kindergarten performing way below their friends. Plus they stay behind as they move from one grade to another. Language differences, familiarizing with books and background experiences doubles as kids confront more difficult reading materials in the higher grades.


There’s a well-established relationship between reading comprehension and prior knowledge. The differences are quantifiable at the age of 3. For some kids, their reading inability is higher than friends from the same age group: about 52 percent of black students, 51 percent of Hispanic students, and 49 percent of students in poverty obtained scores below basic on NAEP evaluation.

High-need students have serious reading difficulty in school. Teachers must ensure to meet the difficulties they face.

  1. Teachers should teach with the end goal in mind.

A most accomplished teachers teach with a primary goal of achieving good readers and learners. Teachers dealing with young children figure out how to balance the many components of reading–phonemic consciousness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency and understanding–in their day-to-day teaching. The most effective teachers combine the components while fostering a love of books, stories and words.

  1. Kids who struggle usually have problems sounding out words.

Troubles in decoding and recognition of words are the core most reading problems. Poor readers have a problem understanding that sounds in words are associated with certain words and letter patterns. This is known as the “alphabetic basic principle.”

Many people who are poor in reading don’t attain the alphabetic basic principle because they have not developed phonemic understanding. This means knowing that words are made of phonemes or speech sounds. When word recognition is not automatic, reading can never be fluent. And your understanding suffers.


  1. What happens before school matters so much.


What preschoolers know before they get into school is greatly related to how easily they learn how to read in first grade. Three predictors of reading achievements that children learn before they start school are:

*The ability to identify and name letters of the alphabet

*General understanding of books (for instance, identifying the front and back of a book and also how to pages)

*Awareness of phonemes

Reading aloud with them develops these knowledge and skills. It’s the single most significant activity for parents to do to prepare their children to learn how to read.

  1. Learning to read is closely tied to learning to talk and listen.

Parents and family members need to talk and pay attention to young kids to help them learn skills they need for reading. Whenever a child says “cook” and her daddy says, “Do you want a cookie?” he’s building her understanding of vocabulary and purposes for communication. This can help her become a good reader in old age.

Whenever a parent sings rhymes with the kids, she’s assisting them understand the sounds in words (phonemic recognition). Children with hearing, language or speech problems need to be identified as early as possible so they can receive the help they need so as to prevent later reading problems.

  1. Teaching kids to read is a team effort.

Teachers and parents must recognize the key role they can play in assisting kids learn how to read. Research have shown that what family members do is important. What teachers do is also very important. It’s time for us all to work in collaboration to ensure that every child learns how to read.


Sarah Denson

Library User Group